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The universe is full of parts that move which means that nothing out there is alone. The Solar System is packed with many trillions of masses that are large, with them orbiting around on timescales that are many hundreds of millions of years old.
A video that has gone viral suggests that while the Solar System is moving throughout the galaxy, the shape is vortex with the planets being pulled behind it.
The Theory of the Universe Not Being a Vortex is based around General Relativity
On the other hand, there are some who believe that the universes motion through space is much more interesting than this and is not merely a vortex. This happens to be a fascinating theory as after all it has been based around a simple law, general relativity.
This theory suggests that on the bigger scale only gravity determines the motion of everything in the universe. This includes human beings, while humans move throughout the universe. The video which is entitled Vortex does have many things in it that are correct. These include the fact that the planets all orbit around the Sun and are on the same plane, the Solar System moves in the galaxy on an angle that is 60 degrees between the plane and the planetary orbital plane. It also shows that the Sun seems to move in, out, up and down to take into account the remainder of the galaxy, revolving around the Milky Way.
While all of the above may be true, in fact none are true as the way they have been portrayed to be in the video. This is one of the most important differences between “qualitative and quantitative and quantitatively”. It is not the only prediction that is taken into account; it is possible to measure how the motion of the universe works. This means we can safely say that it is not a vortex – what it is, is fascinating.
It’s Not Only the Sun and Earth That Moves
Bear in mind that it is not only the Sun and the Earth that move. The whole of the galaxy moves along with a local group. There are forces that are invisible from gravitation in the intergalactic space that also has to be considered.
Earth spins around on an axis revolving around the Sun. This is turn orbits around the middle of the Milky Way in an ellipse shape being pulled towards Andromeda which is inside the local group and pushed in Laniakea, our cosmic supercluster. It is done so thanks to clusters, galactic groups and cosmic voids in the KBC void. This lies in the Universes large-scale structure, but after many decades of research, scientists have now put together the whole picture. This means scientists are now able to reveal how fast Earth moves through space.
Rotation of Earth Helps with Magnetic Field of Earth
The rotation of Earth does have a considerable role to play as it makes the equator bulge; it creates day and night along with helping the magnetic field of Earth. This protects the people of Earth from solar wind along with cosmic rays. Planets revolve around the Sun on their axis. People might believe that they do not move, but we do as Earth is rotating around on the axis at about 1700 km/hr. For a person who is at the equator. Hearing this is it almost impossible to believe that you cannot feel yourself moving. Of course in the grand scheme of things in the Universe it is not that fast.
The Earth spins on an axis has a speed of around 0.5km/s, and this is not a motion that matters all that much. Earth does orbit around the Sun at a speed that is faster than the rotational speed. For the Earth to remain in an orbit that is stable, it has to move at about 30 km/s. The planets Venus and Mercury are moving faster and such as Mars moves slower. Mercury can orbit four times for each time Earth orbits, while Neptune makes just one orbit for every 160 orbits of Earth.
Earth Takes 365 Days to Return to Starting Point; Sun Takes 220 Million Years for One Revolution
While the planets move in the orbit in the plane of the solar system, they do change in their directions all the time. Earth comes back to the point it started after 365 days.
The Milky Way is massive, and so is the motion of it. The planets, stars, the gas clouds, black holes along with the dark matter move inside of it being affected by the net gravity. We are at a vantage point of about 25,000 light years away from the centre, so the Sun moves around in an ellipse, taking 220 to 250 million years to make one complete revolution.
Through all of this movement, the planets are in the same plane with no vortex patterns being seen. However, the galaxy does not remain still thanks to the gravitational attraction of the clumps of matter and lack of gravitational attraction from the regions that are not dense.
This all goes to explain one part of the large-scale motion in the universe but there is also another thing that plays a part, and this is an important factor but one that was only recently quantified. This is the gravitational repulsion of cosmic voids. This suggests that all particles or atoms of matter clustering together in regions that are over dense, there is also a region of “once-average density” having lost an equivalent of mass.
The lack of attraction then behaves like a force that repels. In Earths universe opposite to the location of the biggest over density close by is a huge void that is under dense.
Mathematics Can Be Used to Find How Fast Earth Moves Through the Universe
As Earth is in-between, those regions the repulsive and attractive forces add up, each of them contributing by around 300 km/s, both at 600 km/s. If all of the motions are put together, this includes the spinning of the Earth, the motion of the Earth around the Sun, Sun around the galaxy, Milky Way to Andromeda and a local group having attraction to the regions that are over dense, the resulting number is how fast Earth is moving throughout the universe in an instant.
The totals are 368km/s in any direction give or take 30km/s which are dependent on the time of the year along with the direction in which the Earth is moving. Confirmation of this comes from measurements of the cosmic microwave background. It is hotter in the direction Earth is moving, while colder when moving in the opposite direction to the motion of Earth.
If you forget about the rotation of Earth along with revolution of the Sun, the Solar System moves about CMB at “368 ± 2 km/s.” Take into account the movement of a local group, and it reveals the “Milky Way, Andromeda, the Triangulum galaxy and all the others — are moving at 627 ± 22 km/s relative to the CMB.”
So, in essence, the Solar System is not a vortex. Instead, it is the sum of all the cosmic motions.